COBIT BAI11.09 - Close A Project Or Iteration

by Rajeshwari Kumar


COBIT BAI11.09 focuses on the importance of properly closing a project or iteration within an organization. This process is essential for ensuring that all deliverables have been met, resources are properly allocated, and lessons learned are documented for future improvement. By following the guidelines outlined in COBIT BAI11.09, organizations can effectively close out projects or iterations in a systematic and efficient manner. 

Steps To Effectively Close A Project Or Iteration In COBIT BAI11.09

Overview Of COBIT BAI11.09 In Managed Projects

Within COBIT, the "Build, Acquire, and Implement" (BAI) domain comprises processes required for managing IT-related initiatives. BAI11.09 is specifically concerned with project management using appropriate project management principles. This procedure is designed to guarantee that initiatives are aligned with organisational goals, implemented on time and within budget, and produce the anticipated results. Creating a project governance framework, defining roles and duties, and maintaining good stakeholder communication are all critical tasks. The process also includes identifying and managing risks, tracking project progress, and maintaining quality control throughout the project's lifecycle.

BAI11.09 emphasises the necessity of aligning project management methods with overall corporate objectives and IT strategy. It promotes the adoption of standardised project management processes and technologies to ensure consistency and repeatability across projects.

Steps To Effectively Close A Project Or Iteration In COBIT BAI11.09

  1. Conduct a thorough review of the project: Before closing the project, it is important to conduct a comprehensive review to assess whether all objectives have been achieved and if all deliverables have been completed as per the original scope and requirements.
  1. Obtain formal acceptance from stakeholders: It is essential to obtain formal acceptance from all relevant stakeholders to confirm that the project has been completed successfully and all requirements have been met. This also helps in ensuring that there is no ambiguity or misunderstandings regarding the project's closure.
  1. Document lessons learned: Documenting lessons learned is a critical step in the project closure process as it helps in identifying what worked well and what could have been improved. This information can be valuable for future projects and can help in enhancing the overall project management process.
  1. Update project documentation: It is important to update all project documentation, including the project plan, budget, risk register, and any other relevant documents, to reflect the project's closure. This ensures that there is a clear record of the project's outcomes and can be referenced in the future if needed.
  1. Release project resources: Once the project has been successfully closed, it is essential to release all project resources, including physical resources, team members, and any other assets that were used during the project. This helps in ensuring that resources are not tied up unnecessarily and can be utilized for other projects or tasks.
  1. Conduct a post-implementation review: After the project has been closed, it is advisable to conduct a post-implementation review to evaluate the project's overall performance and identify any areas for improvement. This review can help in enhancing future project management processes and ensuring better outcomes in the future.

Key Considerations During The Closing Phase In COBIT BAI11.09 Managed Projects

  1. Finalize all deliverables: During the closing phase, all project deliverables must be completed and finalized. This includes any reports, documents, or products that were part of the project scope. It is important to ensure that all deliverables meet the quality standards set forth in the project plan.
  1. Conduct a lessons learned session: One of the key aspects of project closure is the opportunity to reflect on what went well and what could be improved in future projects. Conducting a lessons learned session allows team members to share their experiences and insights, which can help to inform future projects and improve overall project management processes.
  1. Obtain formal acceptance: Before officially closing the project, it is important to obtain formal acceptance from the project stakeholders. This ensures that the project has met the expectations and requirements outlined in the project plan and that all parties are satisfied with the final outcome.
  1. Update documentation: As the project comes to a close, it is essential to update all project documentation to reflect the final status of the project. This includes updating project plans, schedules, and any other relevant documentation to ensure that the project closure is well-documented and easily accessible for future reference.
  1. Release project resources: Once the project is officially closed, it is important to release all project resources, including team members, equipment, and other resources that were allocated to the project. This ensures that resources can be reallocated to other projects or tasks and that the project closure is complete.

Benefits Of Properly Closing A Project Or Iteration In COBIT BAI11.09

  1. Increased accountability: By following the guidelines outlined in COBIT BAI11.09, team members are held accountable for their roles and responsibilities throughout the project. This accountability helps ensure that all tasks are completed on time and within budget.
  1. Improved communication: Properly closing a project involves clear communication between team members, stakeholders, and management. This fosters transparency and ensures that everyone is on the same page regarding the project's status and outcomes.
  1. Better risk management: Closing a project in a systematic manner allows for a thorough review of the project's risks and issues. This enables the team to identify and address any outstanding risks or unresolved issues before moving on to the next project.
  1. Enhanced quality assurance: Following the guidelines in COBIT BAI11.09 for closing a project ensures that all deliverables meet the required quality standards. This leads to higher quality outcomes and greater customer satisfaction.
  1. Knowledge transfer: Properly closing a project allows for the transfer of knowledge from one project team to another. Lessons learned from the project can be captured and shared to improve future projects and avoid making the same mistakes again.
  1. Financial control: Closing a project in a structured manner helps ensure that all financial aspects, such as budgeting and resource allocation, are properly managed. This leads to better financial control and helps the organization stay within budget constraints.
  1. Stakeholder satisfaction: Closing a project successfully and communicating the outcomes effectively to stakeholders helps build trust and confidence in the organization. This leads to increased stakeholder satisfaction and support for future projects.


Adhering to COBIT BAI11.09 guidelines is crucial in ensuring the successful closure of a project or iteration. By following a structured approach, organizations can effectively wrap up projects, assess outcomes, and capture lessons learned for future improvement. Implementing COBIT BAI11.09 practices will help organizations streamline their project closure process and drive greater efficiency in project management.